Civil Engineering

Nano-functionalized porous membrane filter for reusable face mask

The project aims to develop a reusable face mask filter using nanofiber technique to relieve the social and environmental burden caused by current one-time using face masks. The filter consists of electrospun nanofibers with much smaller diameters (e.g., nm level), which are much smaller than the commercial filter fibers (e.g., µm level). The developed nanofibrous filter has high air filtration efficiency without sacrificing the breathe comfortability, which can be attributed to its high porosity and improved physical structure. The filter design is also highly flexible to incorporated with other physicochemical methods for further improvement of the filter properties. An impressive feature of this invention is the reusability. Simple chemical washing can regenerate the exhausted filter for further reuse with maintained high air filtration performance.

BuslMan – Innovative Design Using Building Information Modelling

The development of Building Information Modelling (BIM) technology has reshaped our construction industry in many aspects throughout different stages in the project life cycle. Our team, BusIMan, has learnt more about the practical usages of BIM through this competition with our collaboration.
The designed complex is dedicated to the Digital Design & Construction Centre (DDCC). Our design comprises two buildings (South Wing and North Wing) linked by an arch bridge (“The Link”) with a podium underneath. This forms a shape of “CIC” when browsing on the plan view. An iconic bridge (“The Wave”) extends from the complex to the adjacent building, transforming the complex into a district icon. With aesthetic considerations and segmented zones for different facilities type, the complex aims at providing a desirable learning space and a professional working environment.

New Geo-material for Reclamation: Coal Ash-hardened Marine Soil

Extensive reclamations such as the Airport 3rd Runway System, Tung Chung New Town Extension and the Lantau Tomorrow Vision are proposed and these megaprojects require over 500 million tonnes of backfilling material. However, local fill banks only provide less than 10 million tonnes yearly. In order to alleviate the shortage, this study aims at producing a new geo-material by hardening soft marine soil primarily with coal ash generated from power plants.

Unconfined compression tests were carried out on hardened soil specimens. A set of variables were tested to examine the optimum mix design. About half of the specimens achieved an unconfined compressive strength of over 1 MPa.

The result shows that water to stabiliser ratio and the curing duration are the key strength-contributing factors. It was also found that the unconfined compressive strength of hardened soil is nearly proportional to its deformation moduli. These showed that coal ash is effective yet economic for hardening marine soil.

Realistic visualization of bridge structure in a Virtual Reality environment

Efficient collaboration of data is essential for successful project delivery of
Building Information Modeling (BIM), which mainly relies on its visualization performance. VR technology can extend the advantage to create a more engaging and realistic environment for every stakeholder. As a large number of software for BIM and VR computing are available on the internet, it is vital to find the most effective workflow to transfer the project from modeling tool to the VR engine.
In this project, we would explore the performance of different software and hardware to find the best solution to BIM-VR collaboration workflow.

Identifying priority areas for the improvement of minibus service quality

The minibus is the third most popular form of transportation in Hong Kong, contributing 13% of all trips made in the city. This project aims to identify the priority areas for improvement of minibus services quality which could serve as a reference for related policy making in the future. An on-street questionnaire survey was conducted in December 2018 to collect the up-to-date data, primarily on the public’s ratings on 10 selected service aspects. An ordered logit model was then calibrated for the data to identify the relative importance of these 10 service aspects. After having the relative importance and the satisfaction ratings, an importance-satisfaction analysis was carried out to find out which service aspect has the highest priority for improvement. Result shows that among the 10 service aspects, “in-vehicle comfort” has the highest priority for improvement in both green and red minibuses.